Ceratonia siliqua (carob)
Category: Mediterranean plants
Origin: Mediterranean area
Description: Ceratonia siliqua is an arboreal species of the fabaceae family native to the Mediterranean Basin.
The carob tree is up to 10 meters tall, although its average height is 5 to 6 meters; it is dioecious and has evergreen foliage. It has dark green Paripinnate leaves with a dimension between 10 and 20 cm long and its flowers are small, red and without petals. The fruit, called carob or garrofa, is a dark chestnut-coloured coriaceous pod, 1 to 3 decimeters long, containing a sweet and pleasant-tasting gummy pulp that surrounds the seeds. The pods are edible and used as fodder.
Ceratonia siliqua is a species of great rusticity and drought resistance, but it is of a slow development and only begins to bear fruit after about seven to ten years since planting, obtaining their full productivity at the age of 15 or 20. It usually has a good production every two years, ranging from 90 to 200 kg of fruit in mature trees, being harvested from the month of August, by vareo or directly from the soil.
In Ornamentales Soler we have a great variety of carob formats for ornamental or landscape use.
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